There are people who are struggling with great challenges in life to test themselves mentally and physically. One of the biggest challenges, if not the biggest, is climbing Mount Everest. The highest peak of our planet rises at 8,848 meters above sea level. The breathtaking experience has attracted many people for decades.
Mount Everest first assembled Edmund Hillary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay in 1958. Altogether 2700 people were compressed, 210 others. Everest, though not the technically most desirable mountain hut, is one of the hardest for extreme altitude. Expeditions meet each year with high-pitched pulmonary edema (HAPE) and worst case high-grade cerebral edema (HACE). HAPE is caused by the lack of oxygen that serves to fill the lungs. HACE is the swelling of the brain. The cerebral edema is very fast, and if you are a direct descendant of the climber, the person is likely to die.
The most difficult part of the Everest Summit is undoubtedly the zone of death. The Death Zone once the climbers reach the altitude of 8000 meters. At this point only 1/3 of sea level oxygen is present, so any physical movement is extremely tedious. Oxygen deficiency has many other important effects on the human body. To overcome the lack of oxygen, the body will stop the non-important functions such as the digestive tract. Less oxygen reaches the brain and simple tasks are very complicated; Some people have difficulty in wearing only their shoes. It is more worrying that shortage of oxygen can upset the expert mountaineering judgments and thus make bad decisions that have caused the lives of many people. The human body does not aim to live at this altitude so people can stay there for only two days. Stay too long will make the body completely deteriorate.
Mount Everest's peak rises to 2 major roads. The most popular is the southeastern route. This route is based on the Nepal side of the mountain; Mountaineers need to rise to the Khumbu hail, which many consider to be the most daring. You will then have to walk through the Western Cmw, leading to Lhotse's face, on a massive steep slope where error will be more common in your life. The mountaineers now approach the death zone and head to the SE ridge after they have passed the famous Hillary staircase, which is a huge unusually hard rock wall after the 8,000 meter mark. All that remains is the summit that is relatively easy and the peak of Everest, the world's top.
The controversy over Everest for many years is that mountaineers need to sound aloud. Use bottled oxygen or not. Of the 10 mountaineers, 9 will use oxygen at the Everest Summit, very few trying to climb the Everest, and even fewer to reach the summit. The use of supplemental oxygen opened the door for less experienced mountaineers to reach the Everest slopes, which usually would not try to climb the ever-increasing crowd on the mountain. Too many people on the mountain at the same time cause bottlenecks near the peak, where there is less room for people to rise. Ultimately, this means that people are lagging behind the Summit's schedule, which in the past has caused the deaths of many climbers since they met late on the summit and were unable to return to the lower camp. Many mountaineers would like bottled oxygen to be banned, unless in an emergency. This would greatly reduce the number of mountain mountaineers every year.
There are so many great books that allow you to learn from Everest and drive on a journey like no one has ever done. Personally, my favorite book Everest "Into thin air" was written by Jon Krakauer, who took part in a expedition in 1996 when Everest's greatest catastrophe occurred. In the dead zone, many teams were found in a frenzied storm that came without warning on the same day they came together. This day, eight people died and another 7 people died in the mountain season, which is the deadliest period in Everest history. With the help of Jon's book, he can experience the journey he and his teammates experienced and gave personal accounts of the tragedy that took place on the mountain.