Masada, also known as Metzada, is a mountain fort located on the western shore of the Dead Sea in Israel. The castle includes barracks, warehouses, armaments, palaces, cisterns, etc. Masada is a name that is not metzade, a Hebrew word meaning "fortress" or "mountain fortress". It is worth to reveal the fact that Masada is considered to be one of the greatest symbols, brutal destruction and Jewish rebellion of Israel in the first century against A. D. against Rome. Let's look at some important facts about Masada:
- Located in the foothills of the Valley of the Dead Sea and in the desert of Judea between Ein Gedi and Sdom.
- Masada has been overlooked for many centuries and was written by a new popular Hebrew poet in the 1920s after a famous epic of Masada. The epic recalls the hidden emotions and gave an alert tone to the fight.
- The Masada plateau was naturally reinforced with deep ravines
- Rocks on the east and west of Masada are about 400 m (1300 m) and 90 m (300 m) high. Plataea top is flat and diamond-shaped.
- At the top of the plateau was a 1.3-meter-long, 3.7-m thick casamate wall, with many towers.
- The Jewish Roman historian, Great Herod, confirmed Masada between 37 and 31 BCE to hide himself from the great rebellion.
- Sikarii, a group of Jewish rebels, defeated the Roman troops and defended Masada by taking over the rule.
- At the end of the first century, the Roman governor of Judea decided to return Masada
- Masada discovered the modern world again in the middle of the 19th century. Israeli archeologists, Yigael Yadin, began to explore the region in the early 1960s. Lignite cables have been added to the area to make it accessible to tourists. The place is considered the most popular tourist destination in Israel, apart from Jerusalem.
- One of the most respected Jewish symbols, Israeli soldiers swear at this place. "The Masada will not fall back." The swearing-in by Israeli army soldiers is an expression of the commitment to protect the Israeli army
- Since 2001 Masada is considered a UNESCO World Heritage Site
- On the west side of the mountain, a sound-visual light program dramatizes Masada's story is depicted by night time. While there is no sound and glitter during the winter.
- Two Mikvah and the Synagogue are considered to be two of the most exciting venues to be seen in Masada today
- The summers are usually hot, so visitors should not do the mountains during the day. However, we advise you to have breakfast in the morning. The bottles of water and hat are two objects that they need to be in during trekking.
- Since 2007, a museum has been opened for tourists presenting a detailed history of Masada and some interesting items.
- Masada is one of the most popular places for Dead Sea Tourists .
Masada is the site of fortifications and palaces in Israel near the Dead Sea. It was the last fortification held by the Zealots of the Jews. He refused to pass on to the Roman Empire, and would rather give death to death. Now, Masada is well-known tourist destinations visited by tourists from all over the world.